Publicada el 1 de Febrero de 2017
From the alchemists in Imperial China to the high priests of the Incas, the drinking of ambrosia in ancient Greece or the search for the philosopher’s stone and the fountain of eternal youth. The history of mankind is full of legends and myths on the search for eternal life.
Many great minds have given up their life to this convoluted road between fact and fiction, driven by the desire to unveil a secret which, in all too many cases, ended up driving them mad. But what if eternal life were closer than we ever imagined? Initiative 2045 argues that 2045 is the year when humans will beat death. Not thanks to miraculous substances or strange medical procedures, but through technology, robotics and artificial intelligence.
The (r)evolution of man
Founded by Russian billionaire Dmitri Itskov, the 2045 Initiative emerged in 2011 with very clear objectives: to develop robotics technology and artificial intelligence to the point where it overtakes human beings in all aspects. Combining ethics, philosophy and engineering, the initiative argues that humanity must make full use of its technological powers to improve and evolve human beings themselves, not just their environment.
The initiative is based on the theory of technological singularity: a point in time (around 2045) when robotics and artificial intelligence will surpass man’s abilities. Itskov argues that, within three decades, robots will not only be more intelligent than man, but will also be capable of replicating into ever more intelligent machines. We, as human beings, will be able to transfer our consciousness to these perfect machines and so achieve immortality.
According to the drivers of this initiative, on reaching this point wars will end, hunger and disease will be a thing of the past, and survival will be guaranteed. These robots will be able to survive in a much more extreme planet than what we now have, with high temperatures and radiation indexes well above the ones we know today, and without food or water.
These premises, which leave science to one side and venture into far-off, rather utopian futures, have garnered support for the 2045 Initiative from political figures and spiritual leaders, amongst them the Dalai Lama. The project has also become a quasi-political initiative, promising the creation of neo-humanity.
The aims 30 years from now
The 2045 Initiative has all the ingredients of a good science fiction movie, only it takes place in the real world. Its aims are also well defined in its manifesto.
- Achieve the support of the international community and create a climate of cooperation between experts in different fields.
- Build an international cybernetic research centre focused on the project’s ultimate aim: to create an advanced artificial body and a system by means of which to transfer human consciousness to that body.
- Enlist the cooperation of experts in what they define as a “crusade to drive technological advancement”.
- Support the innovation industry and create scientific education programmes on the subject for schools and colleges.
- Develop educational content for television, internet and radio; support conferences, congresses and fairs; and create a series of awards which will contribute to increasing the visibility of the project and encouraging participation.
- Create a culture linked to this futuristic ideology, promoting a belief in technological advancement, artificial intelligence, immortality and the development of an organisational structure for a cyborg society.
Where are we now?
The 2045 Initiative has made some headlines, obtained the support of a number of world leaders, and added a few supporters to its cause. However, although the more social side of the initiative seems to be growing at a reasonable pace, real scientific and technological progress seems stalled.
According to Dmitri Itskov, our brain could be substituted completely by what we know as neuronal networks. These are basically a self-learning system where different interconnected computing units imitate the human brain by responding to a series of stimuli and learning from them.
The technology exists and is real. However, it is still far from achieving the power and capacities of a Homo sapiens brain. The 2045 Initiative had promised that by 2015, following an initial stage of research, the workings of the brain would have been completely deciphered and work would begin on the building of an artificial brain which would be ready by 2020. But the first of these promises has yet to be fulfilled.
Once this first stage is complete, the project envisages the following stages of research leading to singular robotic immortality in 2045:
- 2015-2020 Construction of android avatars controlled by computers simulating the human brain. This would give people the ability to work in dangerous environments and extreme situations.
- 2020-2025 Creation of a system of autonomous robotic systems linked to the android avatar, the idea of which was initially to recover parts of the body which have been irreversibly damaged by accidents. A twist on bionics.
- 2030-2035 Creation of an electronic model of the brain and human consciousness, and development of a system for transferring a person’s consciousness onto an artificial carrier.
- 2045 Having completed all the preceding stages, every human being will be able to turn into an autonomous android being, with capacities far exceeding those of the biological body. The drivers of the initiative are not quite sure how this will be achieved, but they firmly believe that the human species will evolve in such a way that, in fact, a totally new species will be created.
Although the technological part of all this seems to be rather delayed, that is not where the initiative has come up against the greatest criticism. In fact, some voices from within the technological sector, such as Ray Kurzweil, Google’s director of engineering, argue that this level of technological development will be achieved towards the middle of the 21st century, give or take a year.
Critical voices have surfaced regarding the more ethical and spiritual aspect of the project. And they have much in common with the doubts which beset alchemists and seekers of the philosopher’s stone in the past. Let’s say that immortality can be achieved. Why would eternal life bring peace, wisdom and serenity? And, if it did, would that be fulfilling for humanity 2.0?
And then there’s the letter that Itskov sent in 2012 to some 1,200 people from Forbes list, the richest people in the world. In that letter he promised them immortality in exchange for funding. This has created misgivings regarding the project (such as those voiced by journalist and anthropologist Josephine Adams and how the poorest will be able to afford this technology. Or even whether Itskov actually intends to create a technological future only for the elite few.
And so 2045, singular or not, could be the year in which technology opens up a new world. Or the year in which we once again realise how much there is about ourselves that we don’t yet understand.